Beauty becomes Portugal from its history to its culture and its scenery. As a large portion of the Iberian Peninsula, the idealistic placement of Portugal means that travelers will have plenty to explore.
A large Atlantic coast is one of the country’s major attractions, but its long border with Spain also gives it a solid connection to the European continent for easy traveling. But historically, Portugal’s region has been favored amongst humans and our ancestors. With a long history, Portugal is one of Europe’s oldest nation states, which was once home to Neanderthals, Homo sapiens, pre-Celt, Celt, and Roman people.
Bem-vinda – Welcome to Portugal
The diverse mix of history and people have made Portugal’s culture unique. Traces of the country’s past have been proudly preserved and are now open to visitors. Medieval towns, villages, castles, and carvings are all reminders of Portugal’s impressive character. However, while man-made structures have become a part of the landscape, Portugal’s nature has been there for thousands of years and is a major draw for many outdoor enthusiasts. From granite peaks to towering waves and dramatic cliffs, nature in Portugal shines bright.
Popping with color, Portugal’s capital city of Lisbon is sprawled out amongst seven hillsides, which all overlook its aquatic base, the Rio Tejo. Each hillside provides its own stunning views of the area and they are filled with cobblestone streets, impressive cathedrals, and preserved mosaics. One hill is even adorned with a castle on top. But beyond the powerful beauty of the city landscape, Lisbon is also a great place to dive headfirst into Portuguese culture. Dining and drinking have also made the city famous with plenty of gourmet food options. The nightlife is also everywhere. Truly. With no laws against open containers, the parties often spill onto the Lisbon streets to liven up the neighborhood.
Culture and Language
With recorded history that dates back 400,000 years ago, it’s impossible to breakdown Portugal’s extensive past in just a few paragraphs. But some of the highlights of the country’s history include Homo heidelbergensis and Portugal’s extensive naval exploration. The country’s earliest record of humans is about 400,000 years old and traces itself to Homo heidelbergensis, which is a fossilized skull that was found in the Cave of Aroeira. From there, Homo sapiens arrived about 35,000 years ago and expanded into a developed country.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal had significant power in Europe that matched equal to England, Spain, and France. With an established empire, Portugal began to seek new territory and began to colonize new areas. The Azores, which still remain as a territory today, were settled in 1445, which was before the Portuguese began heading south towards Africa. The explorations led to the mapping of the trade route to India, as well as the colonization of Brazil.
While Portugal remained as a controlled empire for hundreds of years, the system wouldn’t suit the modern world and the country became a democracy. While countries have expanded past Portugal in today’s world, the country still remains powerful and has become a tourist destination.
Due to the country’s past, Portugal’s culture is quite diverse and often folklore based. Religion and family are important staples within the culture, but there is also a deep appreciation for art, music, dance, and theater. Portuguese people are known for being more laid-back and they are often described as easy-going. Travelers will easily be able to find any help they need, and many locals will go out of their way to assist you.
But you may have to play a game of charades with some locals because Portugal’s official and most commonly spoken language is Portuguese. However, those who are fluent in the language will notice that there are actually 10 dialects of Portuguese throughout the country. Foreign languages that are also common throughout Portugal include English, Spanish, and French.
If you travel off the beaten path, expect to stick to Portuguese. But in tourist areas, English is becoming the most popular second language, which allows the locals and tourists to connect and converse. English is now also taught in schools, so future travelers can expect to hear it spoken more often.
While traveling is exciting, there is also an important legal process require with each trip. This would be a tourist visa, which ensures that travelers are exploring the globe responsibly. For Portugal, their tourist visa requirements are actually dictated by the laws of the Schengen Agreement. This agreement encompasses various European countries, which can all be entered with the same set of requirements. For US citizens, this means that you are not required to have a tourist visa for trips less than 90 days.
As part of the Schengen Area, Portugal’s entry requirements include having a US passport that has 6 months validity remaining beyond your date of departure. Your passport also needs to have two blank pages for your stamps. There is also a currency restriction of €10,000 Euros or the US dollar equivalent for entry and exit. There are no vaccination requirements, but it is suggested that all travelers are up to date on their health prior to departure.
While jetsetters are often eager to take off, you shouldn’t go on a trip unprepared. Before you can leave the tarmac or even get dropped off at the airport, travelers should consider the cost of their trip. A designated and outlined spending budget is a great way to ensure that you’ll have everything you need and want for your journey. It also allows you to make a small emergency fund and keep money set aside for events that are unplanned.
For being a part of Europe, Portugal is actually an affordable destination when you compare the prices to its neighboring countries. But that doesn’t mean that you should still go out on a whim and hope for the best when it comes to your budget. This is because there are a few different factors that will make up your budget with the important categories being the price of airfare, accommodation, food, drink, and transportation.
People often look to spend the most money first and get that large portion of their budget out of the way. For the vast majority of travelers, the largest chunk of money will go towards your airfare. While Portugal juts out from the main body of Europe, it is still all the way across the Atlantic Ocean and expensive to get to. The average cost of a ticket from the United States to Portugal is about $870 US dollars. However, some budget airlines or special deals may be able to cut the cost in half.
You may also notice that the price of tickets changes throughout the year. This is because it will be more expensive to visit Portugal in its tourist high season than in the off season. Summer is the peak tourist season in Portugal, but there also may be mini spikes of tourists during the spring or fall. However, for the vast majority of airlines their most expensive tickets are offered during the summertime. By traveling just before or after peak tourist season, you may be able to find a special deal or better price on a ticket.
Once you’ve gotten the big purchase out of the way, your next biggest portion of your budget will most likely need to be devoted to your accommodation. Portugal is a great place for backpackers because they have numerous friendly hostels that have affordable nightly prices. On average, travelers should expect to pay about $12 US dollars per night for a dorm room. Private rooms are more expensive and will cost about $45 US dollars per night.
If you want more privacy and less of a group setting, a hotel would be the best option and there are a wide range of prices that you’ll find throughout the country. Budget hotels will cost about $40 US dollars per night, while boutique locations could be up to $100 US dollars per night. If you are looking for a resort, expect to pay upwards of $250 US dollars per night.
Airbnb is another accommodation option and there are many affordable apartments or homes that give you complete privacy. Most Airbnb listings will be less than $50 US dollars per night and may be as low as $17 US dollars per night, if you choose a private room in a shared home.
For travelers in a hotel, you are more likely to find that you’ll have a small breakfast provided for you. But other accommodations may not give that option and breakfast isn’t the only meal of the day, so you need to be aware of the local food prices too. Food is another part of Portuguese culture and many will find that it has been heavily influenced by the country’s Atlantic location and proximity to the Mediterranean Sea.
Portugal has many famous dishes, but some of the top ones show their love of seafood and strong flavors. Cataplana de marisco is a seafood dish that has onions, garlic, and tomato. The seafood is also cooked with chorizo and simmered in a white wine. Sardinhas asadas are literally grilled sardines, which are a favorite during the summer months. Peixinhhos da horta is a seafood and meat dish, steeped with rice and vegetables. Feijoada is the original dish that inspired Brazil, and Portugal’s take on the meal is similar. With plenty of beans, feijoada is a thick stew made out of pig’s snout and ears. Finally, bacalhau is a dish that you’ll find everywhere, and it is salted and dried cod. Sometimes cooked into other dishes, bacalhau is widely popular throughout the country.
While most people are eager to eat out and try authentic dishes, it’s important to consider the price of food because it can quickly add up. Smaller or lighter meals are the most affordable and will usually cost about $8 US dollars or less. This could include a sandwich or snack. But a real meal in a decent restaurant will cost about $25 US dollars per meal. The most expensive dining options will be Michelin star restaurants, of which, there are currently 20 different establishments in Portugal boasting the award. These fine dining options will likely be well over $100 US dollars per meal.
For the travelers who enjoy sipping on drinks, the price of alcohol is relatively affordable in Portugal. A nice mid-range bottle of wine costs less than $5 US dollars and most beers will be less than $3 US dollars. However, local beer is even more affordable and often just a little over $1 US dollar per bottle.
With a better view of your spending budget, you may want to know how much each day will cost during your trip. For budget travelers and backpackers, you should expect to spend about. $55 US dollars per day. A mid-range budget traveler would likely spend up to $130 US dollars per day, while anything over that would signify you are on a luxury vacation. The cost of luxury comes at a high price and you should expect to spend hundreds of dollars each day.
How to Get Around
While you may be aware of Scotland famous landscapes and cities, you’ll know for certain that you’ll need to find a reliable mode of transportation to hit all the hotspots. Scotland has a great transportation system, which gives you the option to use trains, buses, local transportation, and car rentals to get where you want to go. Domestic flights in Scotland as not very popular and tend to be unreliable in their departures.
But trains and buses are a great alternative to flying. All the major cities in Scotland will be connected by trains, which are often slightly quicker than a bus. However, travelers should book a train ticket in advance and expect to pay about $35 US dollars per ticket. If you wait to book a train ticket or buy last-minute, you should expect the prices to drastically increase.
For travelers on a budget and many throughout the country, buses are the go-to and preferred method of transportation. Buses run throughout all parts of the country and are more affordable than trains. With tickets costing $12-$30 US dollars for a trip, travelers are often eager to save on their budget. However, like trains, you should book a ticket in advance. Bus ticket prices will increase if you wait until the last minute.
Larger cities, like Glasgow will have a high functioning local transportation system, which will get you around the city in no time. Glasgow is the only city with a train, but others have plenty of buses that you can hop on and off throughout the day. Local transportation will cost less than $3 US dollars per ride and some cities may have a day or multi-day pass for $5-$17 US dollars.
Finally, with majestic sights and unending scenery, Scotland has also become a popular place to take a road trip. Small cars are relatively affordable and usually cost about $12-$25 US dollars per day. Campers can also be rented and have similar prices with most maxing out at $25 US dollars per day. But if you do choose to drive yourself, remember that Scotland drives on the left-hand side of the road and manual transmission is often the only rental option.
Top Cities to Visit
Most travelers will immediately name Edinburgh and Glasgow as the go-to cities, but there are plenty of places to explore in Scotland. From landscape to landscape, here are Scotland’s best cities to visit.
The pastel colors have always made Lisbon famous, but the famous layout of the cities 7 hills only succeeds at exaggerating the capital’s beauty. Lisbon is often the place that international travelers first see after arriving in Portugal and its waterfront location is a perfect introduction into this amazing country. The narrow streets that climb the hills are packed to the brim with entertainment and culture. Some of the most popular attactions in Lisbon include Alfama and the Castelo de São Jorge.
Once a gift from Kings to their Queens, Óbidos is now open to the public. The whitewashed buildings stand out against the green trees and help give the city its iconic look. Visitors will have to enter the medieval walls to get into the city to explore its streets. The cobblestones will lead you to tasty treats and you can explore treasured art pieces. A castle still sits atop the town, but long gone is the monarchy. Now, you can book a stay as the castle has been converted into a luxury hotel.
With a lemon yellow Palácio Nacional as the centerpiece to Sintra, visitors are often eager to explore this area because it has been named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The impressive palace stands guard over the area and rises above the valley floor. With epic views out to the sea and nearby town of Cascais, the palace is the place to visit in Sintra.
With colorful buildings seemingly stack one atop the other and rising from the waterfront, Porto is Portugal’s take on Italy’s Amalfi Coast. The historical architecture has been recognized by UNESCO and named as a World Heritage Site. Some of the most popular spots in the city include the cathedral called Sé, the double decked bridge called Ponte Dom Luís I, and the Torre dos Clérigos.
Once ruled by the Romans, Évora is filled with ruins that have awarded it with World Heritage Status. The Templo Romano is the city’s centerpiece and an amazing sight. But with a peaceful ambience, this city is also the best place to go to get away from the crowds. Tourists are often treated as guests and you can freely wander the streets and markets.
Points of Interest
Portugal packs their cities full of culture, but sometimes the allure of architecture and art can get overwhelming. There are plenty of points of interest in Portugal that will get you away from the crowds and display the country’s diverse landscapes.
With a grand display of military forticiation, Elvas has been preserved and named as a World Heritage Site. The ancient walls and moats are scattered amongst the hills and popular places for curious tourists. The more remote location of Elvas also takes you deeper into Portugal and further off the tourist’s map, so that you can experience the local lifestyle.
Parque Nacional da Peneda-Gerês
This is Portugal’s only national park and it is famous for its green valleys, quiet lakes, and powerful waterfalls. The wildlife here is rather rare and you may catch a glimpse of wolves or eagles in remote parts of the park. But you don’t have to go too deep in the wilderness if you don’t want to and there are villages scattered throughout the area.
The Azores are a group of 9 volcanic islands that are out in the Atlanic Ocean to the west of Portugal. São Miguel is the largest and most famous island in the Azores and is nicknamed the “Green Island”. In the Azores, tourists flock to the hot springs, towns, and for an afternoon spent whale watching.
Often called the “Floating Garden of the Atlantic”, this island off the coast of Portugal is considered to be a part of the nation and one of its popular destinations. The island sits out in the Atlantic Ocean and is famous for its Orchid Garden and Laurissilva Forest. But beaches and the capital of Funchal are also major hotspots, which highlight the islands history and culture.
Get Out and Go
While Portugal may not be as popular a destination as other countries that are located in the interior of Europe that doesn’t mean that it should be skipped. With slightly less tourism than its neighbors, Portugal gives travelers the chance to experience European opulence without the massive crowds. Here, history has been well recorded, and it dots the epic landscapes, so you get a complete package filled with culture and beauty.