Strong exports like Scotch whiskey, a Scottish accent, intense bagpipes, and the legend of Nessie, Scotland is a country that has become famous around the world. But while Scotland may have some famous exported items, the country is even more stunning than its international reputation.
With areas like the Highlands and Outer Hebrides, Scotland is home to Western Europe’s last areas of untouched wilderness.
Fàilte – Welcome to Scotland
While the pristine land is a beautiful sight, it has also been the stage for the country’s extensive and illustrious history where fields were once battlefields and castles were once seats of power. With the Picts and the Gaels being the two most powerful groups, the country was built from the ground up and is now one of four powerful countries in the United Kingdom. But amongst a bloody and battle filled history, the violent past has been put aside. Today, Scottish people are often described as “down-to-earth” and overly hospitable towards their guests.
Often mispronounced, Edinburgh is Scotland’s capital, which has become famous for its castle and love of the arts. With three different local pronunciations, Edinburgh is most commonly pronounced as Ed-in-bruh. But pronunciation isn’t anything to worry about and even if you say it wrong, Edinburgh will amaze you with its historic streets. Travelers can also hike up to the crown jewel, the Edinburgh Castle for a better view of the city. The capital has also become famous for its various festivals and has even been nicknamed the Festival City. The festivals celebrate film, theater, music, and art. The Fringe Festival is one of Edinburgh’s most famous and it is held every year in August.
Culture and Language
While your Scottish history may be greatly influenced by Hollywood films like Braveheart and Pixar’s Brave, the country’s earliest history goes back even further. People have actually lived in Scotland for longer than Britain’s recorded history with Paleolithic hunter gatherers building various settlements and encampments. But Scotland would soon fall into the sights of Romans, who were looking to expand their empire.
The Roman invasion began in 43AD and advanced on Southern Scotland. The Antonine Wall was constructed to give them a stronghold, though the Romans eventually fell back to Hadrian’s Wall in Britannia. After the Romans retreat, Scotland’s biggest influence came from the Picts and the Gaels.
But Scotland was still not independent, and it wasn’t until the Wars of Independence that Scotland broke free. The wars most famous figure is William Wallace, who Mel Gibson portrayed in Braveheart. While Scotland was indeed independent until 1707, the country ultimately formed a union with England to become a part of Great Britain. This union is still recognized today.
However, the times of bloody battles is over and the Scottish people, while proud of their history, have since become a lot more tranquil. Instead of being met with angry shouts and swords, visitors are encouraged to explore Scottish culture and connect with its people. The Scottish love to celebrate and there are a lot of chances for travelers to experience local traditions like song and dance. Celtic culture is also strongly tied into Scotland and one of its most famous celebrations are the Highland Games.
However, not all culture is as lively as festivals and games. Some of Scotland’s preserved past comes in the form of castles and ruins. With lots of old architecture, Scotland also highlights its past every day in the streets. It is in cities like Edinburgh that travelers can truly walk and imagine Scotland’s ample history.
Another part of Scottish culture is their accent. While English is the main language that is spoken in Scotland today, the people are known to have a rather heavy accent. For precise travelers, the language spoken by most people is Scottish English. However, minority languages like Scots and Scottish Gaelic have also been preserved in tribute to the past.
Travelers need to be aware of the legality of traveling and this means that you need to understand the tourist visa requirements for Scotland. Scotland is a part of the United Kingdom, which means that you can actually be granted entry into England, Wales, and Northern Island with the same documents. For the United Kingdom, there is no tourist visa required for US citizens who are planning to stay less than 6 months.
However, you will need to have a US passport that is valid for the duration of your stay. Travelers should be cautious about the validity of a passport and any onward travel to other countries will likely require at least 6 months validity remain on your passport. Travelers also need one blank page in their passport for their stamp.
There are no currency restrictions when entering or exiting the UK, nor are there any vaccinations required. However, the US government is consistent with suggesting to all travelers that they are up to date on all vaccinations before travel.
While you may feel like you have ants in your pants and are eager to jet off to your next destination, you shouldn’t go without taking time to consider your spending budget. A trip isn’t fun if you haven’t planned for what you can afford, and it can be downright irresponsible to travel without at least an outline of the various costs.
Travelers who plan ahead will be happier in the end and feel satisfied that they had a great vacation because they stuck to what they could afford and still had an amazing journey. Scotland is in Europe, which tend to have a reputation that it’s expensive – and that’s true. Scotland can be expensive, but that doesn’t mean that there are budget friendly options too. With travelers needing to consider the cost of airfare, accommodation, food, drink, and transportation, there should always be a range of options so that you can stay within your price range.
The biggest cost that you’ll have to make is your seat on the plane. Scotland is all the way across the pond, which means that it costs more than a few pennies to fly yourself there. The average cost of a flight from the US to Scotland is about $700 US dollars. Some deals or budget sites may have tickets for as low as $400 US dollars, but you should expect lower prices to be rare.
The price of tickets will also change throughout the year and according to Scotland’s peak tourist season. Scotland is a country where people tend to go all year long, no matter the weather conditions. But the ultimate peak season is during the summer months. This is when tickets to Scotland will be at their highest price. You can reduce the cost of your flight by traveling just before or after summer, when the airline rates are still low.
While most travelers will look to snooze on the plane, you’ll have to depart your flying metal tube eventually and that means you’ll have to find somewhere to sleep in Scotland. Or various places, if you plan to travel around. Hostels, hotels, and Airbnb are all good accommodation options, but they won’t all have the same price.
Hostels are the most affordable and most will cost $20-$25 US dollars per night. Private rooms in a hostel will be more expensive and could cost up to $70 US dollars for a single night. A budget hotel can be the same cost as a private room in a hostel but may give you more services. Most budget hotels will start their nightly rate at $60 US dollars per night and increase from that point.
Boutique hotels are more expensive, but they will likely include the cost of breakfast. Travelers should expect to pay $105 US dollars per night on a boutique location. Other hotels will be more expensive and could cost hundreds of US dollars per night.
Airbnb is another affordable option, which is often preferred for travelers who are in a group. Most apartments and homes will be listed for $60-$70 US dollars per night or more. For people in a group, splitting the price is cost effective, but for solo travelers, the price may be too high.
For the hotels that don’t include breakfast and for when you want to eat out, the cost of food is another significant portion of your budget. Scottish food may not be the most famous, but travelers should still expect to try some tasty meals. Haggis is possibly Scotland’s most famous dish that divides people on a strong line between love it or hate it. Haggis is made out of sheep’s organs, which have been minced and cooked inside the stomach lining. A common side dish with haggis is neeps and tatties, which is simply turnips and potatoes. But if sheep innards are not to your flavor, you may want to try Scottish salmon, which is often considered to be some of the best in the world due to Scotland’ geographic location.
For a sweeter taste, porridge is a favorite breakfast dish in Scotland and many people start their day with this traditional dish. Scottish tablet is the country’s take on a dessert, which is simply sugar, milk, and butter that is cooked down into a bar. Sticky toffee pudding is another staple in Scotland, and it is often served as a topping to moist sponge cake.
While there’s a lot of new foods to try, you’re likely going to want to hit the town for a night of dining out. The most affordable meals will cost $12-$14 US dollars. But for something more filling and at a nicer establishment, you should expect to pay $32 US dollars per meal. If you enjoy having a full three meals, breakfast is affordable and should cost about $11 US dollars.
Scotland is most famous for its whiskey, but with a new minimum price law, all alcohol is expensive in the country. Travelers who would like to sip a drink, should be prepared to spend about $4-$8 US dollars per beverage. While you can buy larger quantities of alcohol for less, the new pricing law still makes it expensive to drink if you are a moderate drinker. So, if you need to save more money, consider skipping a few drinks to cut costs.
While it’s nice to see a breakdown of prices, it is also helpful to see the bigger picture. Backpackers or those on a stricter budget should be ready to spend about $48 US dollars per day. A mid-range budget would allow you to spend more and up to $150 US dollars per day. Luxury always has a higher price and if you want to stay in a prime location and only taste the best, you should be prepared to spend hundreds of dollars per day.
How to Get Around
As a smaller country, Portugal is still packed to the brim with places to visit. For travelers, this means you’ll need to decide how to travel once you’ve landed in Portugal. Your range of options include budget flights, buses, trains, local transportation, and ferries.
Budget flights in Portugal are very affordable and the fastest way for travelers to get around. The country is small, but for some of its territories like the Azores, a plane ride is the only option. Most flights around Portugal will cost less than $50 US dollars.
If you like to travel by bus, these are another great option for busy travelers. The buses in Portugal are similarly priced to budget airline prices, but they have better packages that can also take you into Spain. Long distance buses will be the most expensive and a ticket into Spain would cost about $55 US dollars. However, shorter bus rides will be more affordable and could cost as little as $25 US dollars per ticket.
Trains are a way to travel at a slightly faster pace, but they still allow you to see the landscape as it changes. The high-speed train in Portugal is the best option and again, most tickets will be less than $55 US dollars. There is a regular train system too, but tickets are not much different from that of the high-speed option. For any train travel, you should expect to pay about $55 US dollars.
In big cities, the public transportation system will be large and reliable. In Lisbon and Porto, you’ll have the option to choose between buses, trams, and a train. Smaller cities may not have a train, but they should have a bus, which would be fairly consistent. All public transportation in local areas will be affordable and tickets normally cost less than $2 US dollars per ride.
Taxis and cars are also options, but the price of trips can quickly add up. Short taxi rides will cost about $14 US dollars per trip and car rentals are about $45 US dollars per day. However, for some areas, like the Azores, a car rental is the only reliable method of transportation.
For traveling specifically between Portugal and the Azores or Madeira Island, there are also ferries available. The ferries would cost a little less than a domestic flight, but you should still expect to pay about $20-$40 US dollars for a ticket.
Top Cities to Visit
With a long coast and border with Spain, there are dozens upon dozens of places to visit in Portugal. But the likelihood of seeing them all in one trip is slim, so we’ve chosen the best cities for travelers to visit in Portugal.
With lots of contrast in architecture, Edinburgh is the city to visit. The medieval Edinburgh Castle is a staple in the city’s skyline, but a New Town area has brought modernity to the old streets. Here, tourists can spend hours wandering through markets, pubs, restaurants, shops, and galleries. The capital is also the place to go to experience Scottish culture. With hundreds of festivals, Edinburgh is frequently a gathering place for the arts.
Another cultural hotspot in Scotland is Glasgow. Here, the arts are also celebrated at the King’s Theatre, Theatre Royal, and the Concert Hall. With galleries and museums to entertain, there are even a few works of art by Van Gogh and Salvador Dalí. But when you aren’t taking delving into the fine arts, Glasgow will dazzle you with its architecture and upbeat personality. With parks and well-groomed streets, Glasgow is also a great place to take a walk and explore.
St. Andrews gives visitors a complete package of education, relaxation, sports, and history. The city has the third oldest English-speaking university, which is right named the University of St. Andrews. But with golf courses and resorts, St. Andrews has also become popular for families to vacation. History comes alive in the streets and you can visit the ruins of the famous cathedral, which was once the largest in Scotland.
Points of Interest
While Scotland’s cities have always been tourist hotspots, the peaceful and jaw-dropping landscape is another place for travelers to venture. Scotland’s most popular points of interest will put a sparkle in your eyes as you feast upon their majesty.
The Scottish Highlands is a large area in Scotland that starts in Inverness and goes up. But the beauty of this area is beyond words and often can’t even be captured by a camera, though many have tried. With a variety of towns along the way, you can stop over to meet the locals as you begin a journey into Scotland’s most famous territory. While many people road trip the Highlands, there are tours available that will take you to see all the best places.
Home to one of the world’s most famous cryptid animals, Loch Ness earned its fame from the supposed monster that lives in the lake. The Loch Ness Monster or more lovingly called Nessie, has become a Scottish legend that’s permeated throughout the world. Tourists flock to Loch Ness to try and see the creature and often get out on a cruise to explore the water. But beyond Nessie, the lake truly is a beautiful sight and the quiet towns offer tired travelers a nice place to stay.
Another famous lake, though this one without a monster, Loch Lomond has been famously written into Scottish music. With iconic scenery, this lake has made Scotland famous and it is just one of the country’s stunning natural areas. With over 30 islands out on the water, visitors can hop on a boat to explore everything that Loch Lomond has to offer.
Stirling is most famous for its castle, which was once an area where Vikings invaded. But as legend goes, a wolf howled before the Vikings arrived and saves the villagers by alerting them to the attack. Now, the castle sits quietly in the hills and is open for tourists to visit. The town at the base of the castle offers places to stay and is a great place to escape the hordes of tourists.
Orkney boasts having some of the most well-preserved Neolithic sites in Europe and the area pre-dates even the Romans by thousands of years. A series of 70 different islands, only 20 are inhabited. But the pre-historic significance has put these islands on the map. The islands that are inhibited will offer plenty of entertainment and on the largest islands, there are also museums to explain the areas history.
Amazingly beautiful and culturally significant, the Hebrides Islands are one of the best places to go in Scotland. The Isle of Sky is the most famous island and it is absolutely stunning. The remoteness of some islands also inspired author George Orwell to write 1984. But with beaches, wildlife, and clear water, the Hebrides are top choice for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts.
Get Out and Go
With plenty of celebration, Scotland is a proud country that wears their traditions on their sleeves. The most famous icons of the country, like bagpipes and the questionable Loch Ness Monster have become popular exports for this nation, but nothing can match seeing beauty with your own eyes. Here, you’ll go deep into the legends of Scotland as you travel around and explore the untamed wilderness. While the lore of Scotland may have sparked your curiosity, the allure of the country will keep you mesmerized and eager to return for another round of exploration.